3 Steps to planning a New Garden
When it comes time to start planning your vegetable garden for a new season, or if you are starting a new garden, there are a few things to keep in mind to ensure that you have the best yield. Once you have a garden area planned and know where you want to grow your garden, take some time to notice a few things.
How much light will this new garden receive?
What other vegetation or trees are growing near by the new garden?
And what type of soil will I have available?
Most vegetables need full sun or need to spend most at of the day in a sunny location for best results. However, many of the leafy green vegetables like spinach, lettuce, bok choy, and beets, can withstand partial shade and still grow a healthy crop. Knowing your lighting and knowing how much sun your new garden gets, you can start to pick out vegetables that are best suited to the variables available to you. If you are set on growing these leafy greens in the hot summer sun, consider using shade cloth over the garden bed to protect it from the hottest part of the day.
It is also important to look at what, if anything, is growing around your new garden. Mature hedges generally have a large and shallow root mass that will quickly invade your garden space and steal water and nutrients from your garden. Large trees surrounding can drop their leaves on the garden and create unwanted shade. Ground creepers, and other invasive plants (eg weeds) will also invade your garden quickly, so it is important to try to select an area with as little competition as possible.
Soil is also important. Drier soils are better suited for certain vegetables, similarly, wetter or heavier soils, benefit other vegetable types. Unless you are planning to replace or import additional materials to your garden, try to work with the soil available, and to pick vegetables that are best suited. The soil will need extra nutrients throughout its growing cycle, so consider seaweed solution and worm tea on a rotation basis.
Once you have considered these three things, and know what it is that you want to grow, it is easy to maintain your new garden and to produce great edible plants with healthy, organic vegetables. Remember, growing a vegetable garden can be easy and a great way to spend more time outdoors and being active. Gardening is good for the soul.